Glossary of Terms used

Stained Glass

A generalised term used for the production of leaded windows using panels of coloured and textured glass.

 
Leaded Lights
Usually used for clear glass with leaded patterns such as diamonds and squares - gothic, edwardian and art nouveax are some of the many periods in history that have tended to use these designs.
 
Lead Cames
These are the lead strips used to hold the small panes of glass in place, and a cement is usually used to bind the glass to the lead
 
Fluxes and Solders
Used in the production of all stained glass and leaded lights at junctions of lead cames, and used for strength and durability
 
Glass cutters
There are various glass cutters used in the production of stained glass projects - all generally designed to be used in different ways to suit the choice of the user. Push, pull, Pen types, pistol handled to mention a few. All cut with the same principle usually using a hard carbide tip to score the surface of the glass prior to breaking.  
 
Restoration
The act of restoring stained glass panels that has damaged or brittle leads that need replacing sympathetically to the original. It involves using the original glass which has been cleaned and releaded.
 
Glass Types
Historically most pieces of glass were made by hand, hence why only small peices of glass could be made, and therefore had to be put together to make a larger window (using lead cames) - here is a list of the most used glass types that can be chosen from when making a window.
Modern production techniques allow the making of larger sheets of glass, although some hand made glasses are still available and used to simulate a lot of antique glasses no longer available
 
  • Machine Rolled Glass
  • Hand made glass
  • Cathedral Glass
  • Wissmach Glass
  • Opalescent Glass
  • Translucent Glass
  • Streaky Glass
  • Wispy Glass
  • Textured Glass